The senior management should fully supports the Six Sigma initiative and also get trained in the concept of Six Sigma. They should put together a plan to implement Six Sigma throughout the whole company. After the top management group, the training should be moved on to the officer group and the leadership group.
Once the top leadership at Company had been trained, the company should rolling out the process throughout Companies entire operations. Leadership training should be followed by training for the people who would become the backbone of the Six Sigma process: Master Black Belts, Black Belts and Green Belts. In the first year and a half of the initiative, Some companies any trained nearly all the entire people.
A typical MNC like Ford Motors maintain about 2,500 Black Belts at all times and have a goal to train all the salaried professional employees to be Green Belts. What do all these belts do in the company?
Green Belt :
They receive 3 day of training that includes a basic understanding of how Six Sigma works and an overview of the Black Belt tools. Green Belts learn to help Black Belts do projects faster. Green Belt training allows the people who are affected by the Six Sigma projects to be able to continue to monitor and control the improvement and to do their jobs better. Company divides Green Belt training into three different classes: technical, manufacturing and transnational, depending on the type of employee receiving training.
In addition to assisting Black Belts with projects, Green Belts often have the task of maintaining the improvement once the projects are complete. “After the Black Belt completes the project, the control has to be maintained by the people who are there, the Green Belts,” If they don’t understand the control or cannot manage the control, you lose the control as soon as the Black Belt is gone. You lapse back into the same problem that you had before.” Register for six sigma course
Black Belt :
Company assigns Black Belts to the Six Sigma process full time for two years. They receive 1 week of intensive training on Six Sigma tools, particularly those used in the define-measure-analyze-improve-control cycle, which is central to Six Sigma. Black Belts typically use tools such as process mapping, cause-and-effect diagrams, failure mode and effects analysis, design of experiments, and mistake proofing in their daily work.
The training is anything but theoretical, however. Black Belts work on actual projects during their training. If it is an in-house program they follow each week of training with four weeks of application, during which they go out and work on a relevant segment of a project. Black Belt candidates must have a project approved and a Project Champion before beginning the training.
Master Black Belt :
Usually hand-picked by management, Project Champions and other Master Black Belts, these employees must also receive a tier-one or tier-two ranking, which are Companies highest levels of performance appraisal. Master Black Belts’ mission is to teach, coach and mentor. They teach Black Belt and Green Belt classes, they coach Black Belts and Green Belts as needed to help complete projects, and they act as mentors to Black Belts. Their core job responsibility is to help Black Belts with the tools, eliminate road blocks and support them during the various phases of their projects.
Master Black Belts also manage large, complex projects called mega projects. These projects usually involve several Black Belts. In addition, Master Black Belts coach senior leaders within Company on how to apply Six Sigma within their departments more